1988- 1983

1988

  • Vogel, A. and Lauterborn, W.: Time-resolved particle image velocimetry used in the investigation of cavitation bubble dynamics. Applied Optics, no. 27, pp. 1869 -1876, 1988
    BibTeX
    @article{Vogel,
       author = {Vogel, A. and Lauterborn, W.},
       title = {Time-resolved particle image velocimetry used in the investigation of cavitation bubble dynamics},
       journal = {Applied Optics},
       volume = {27},
       number = {09},
       pages = {1869 -1876},
       year = {1988}
    }
    
  • Birngruber, R.: Principles of Ophthalmological Laser Applications. Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde, no. 192, pp. 264-264, 1988
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Birngruber1988,
       author = {Birngruber, R.},
       title = {Principles of Ophthalmological Laser Applications},
       journal = {Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde},
       volume = {192},
       number = {3},
       pages = {264-264},
       note = {M6889
    Times Cited:1
    Cited References Count:0},
       ISSN = {0023-2165},
       url = {<Go to ISI>://WOS:A1988M688900037},
       year = {1988},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Bahnmüller, U. and Keller-Schierlein, W. and Brandl, M. and Zähner, H. and Diddens, H.: Metabolites of Microorganisms. J. Antibiot., no. 1988, pp. 8, 1988
    BibTeX
    @article{Bahnmüller,
       author = {Bahnmüller, U. and Keller-Schierlein, W. and Brandl, M. and Zähner, H. and Diddens, H.},
       title = {Metabolites of Microorganisms},
       journal = {J. Antibiot.},
       volume = {1988},
       number = {1552 - 1560},
       pages = {8},
       note = {Journal Article
    },
       year = {1988}
    }
    
  • Birngruber, R.: Light-Induced Retinal Damage Produced by Equipment Used for Ophthalmological Examination and Treatment. Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde, no. 192, pp. 265-265, 1988
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Birngruber1988,
       author = {Birngruber, R.},
       title = {Light-Induced Retinal Damage Produced by Equipment Used for Ophthalmological Examination and Treatment},
       journal = {Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde},
       volume = {192},
       number = {3},
       pages = {265-265},
       note = {M6889
    Times Cited:0
    Cited References Count:0},
       ISSN = {0023-2165},
       url = {<Go to ISI>://WOS:A1988M688900039},
       year = {1988},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R. and Nasemann, J.: Fluorescein angiography with the scanning laser ophthalmoscope (SLO). Lasers Light Ophthalmol, no. 2, pp. 35-40, 1988
    BibTeX
    @article{Gabel1988,
       author = {Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R. and Nasemann, J.},
       title = {Fluorescein angiography with the scanning laser ophthalmoscope (SLO)},
       journal = {Lasers Light Ophthalmol},
       volume = {2},
       number = {1},
       pages = {35-40},
       year = {1988},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Gabel, V. P. and Nasemann, J. and Birngruber, R.: Fluorescein Angiography with the Laser-Scanning Ophthalmoscope. Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde, no. 193, pp. 438-438, 1988
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Gabel1988,
       author = {Gabel, V. P. and Nasemann, J. and Birngruber, R.},
       title = {Fluorescein Angiography with the Laser-Scanning Ophthalmoscope},
       journal = {Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde},
       volume = {193},
       number = {4},
       pages = {438-438},
       note = {Q9679
    Times Cited:0
    Cited References Count:0},
       ISSN = {0023-2165},
       url = {<Go to ISI>://WOS:A1988Q967900035},
       year = {1988},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Vogel, A. and Lauterborn, W.: Acoustic transient generation by laser-produced cavitation bubbles near solid boundaries. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., no. 84, pp. 719 - 731, 1988
    BibTeX
    @article{Vogel1988,
       author = {Vogel, A. and Lauterborn, W.},
       title = {Acoustic transient generation by laser-produced cavitation bubbles near solid boundaries},
       journal = {J. Acoust. Soc. Am.},
       volume = {84},
       number = {2},
       pages = {719 - 731},
       year = {1988}
    }
    
  • Hube, M and Brinkmann, R and Welling, H and Beigang, R and Wellegehausen, B: A Cadmium Photoionization Laser Pumped by Laser Induced Plasma Radiation from a Multi Foci Device. Appl Phys B, no. 45, pp. 197-201, 1988
    BibTeX
    @article{Hube,
       author = {Hube, M and Brinkmann, R and Welling, H and Beigang, R and Wellegehausen, B},
       title = {A Cadmium Photoionization Laser Pumped by Laser Induced Plasma Radiation from a Multi Foci Device},
       journal = {Appl Phys B},
       volume = {45},
       pages = {197-201},
       year = {1988}
    }
    
  • Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R. and Nasemann, J.: [The scanning laser ophthalmoscope and its use as a fluorescein angiography instrument]. Fortschr Ophthalmol, no. 85, pp. 569-73, 1988
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Gabel1988,
       author = {Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R. and Nasemann, J.},
       title = {[The scanning laser ophthalmoscope and its use as a fluorescein angiography instrument]},
       journal = {Fortschr Ophthalmol},
       volume = {85},
       number = {5},
       pages = {569-73},
       note = {0723-8045 (Print)
    Case Reports
    English Abstract
    Journal Article},
       keywords = {Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Child
    Fluorescein Angiography/*instrumentation
    Humans
    Lasers/*diagnostic use
    Macular Degeneration/diagnosis
    Male
    *Ophthalmoscopes
    Retinal Diseases/*diagnosis},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=3224934},
       year = {1988},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Birngruber, R. and Fujimoto, J. G. and Puliafito, C. A. and Schoenlein, R. W. and Lin, W. Z. and Gawande, A.: [Retinal effects produced by femotosecond laser pulse]. Fortschr Ophthalmol, no. 85, pp. 699-704, 1988
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Birngruber1988,
       author = {Birngruber, R. and Fujimoto, J. G. and Puliafito, C. A. and Schoenlein, R. W. and Lin, W. Z. and Gawande, A.},
       title = {[Retinal effects produced by femotosecond laser pulse]},
       journal = {Fortschr Ophthalmol},
       volume = {85},
       number = {6},
       pages = {699-704},
       note = {0723-8045 (Print)
    English Abstract
    Journal Article},
       keywords = {Animals
    Fluorescein Angiography
    Lasers/*adverse effects
    Ophthalmoscopy
    Rabbits
    Retina/*injuries/pathology},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=3220388},
       year = {1988},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Heidenkummer, H. P. and Birngruber, R. and Lorenz, B. and Gabel, V. P. and Gao, L. and Tang, S.: [Experimental studies of trans-scleral continuous wave Nd:YAG laser coagulation of the ciliary body]. Fortschr Ophthalmol, no. 85, pp. 637-41, 1988
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Heidenkummer1988,
       author = {Heidenkummer, H. P. and Birngruber, R. and Lorenz, B. and Gabel, V. P. and Gao, L. and Tang, S.},
       title = {[Experimental studies of trans-scleral continuous wave Nd:YAG laser coagulation of the ciliary body]},
       journal = {Fortschr Ophthalmol},
       volume = {85},
       number = {6},
       pages = {637-41},
       note = {0723-8045 (Print)
    English Abstract
    Journal Article},
       keywords = {Animals
    Ciliary Body/pathology/*surgery
    Intraocular Pressure
    Laser Surgery/*methods
    Rabbits
    Sclera/*surgery},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=3220377},
       year = {1988},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Lorenz, B. and Birngruber, R. and Gabel, V. P.: [Experimental studies of the occlusion of choroid blood vessels by infrared coagulation with reference to tumor therapy]. Fortschr Ophthalmol, no. 85, pp. 726-30, 1988
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Lorenz1988,
       author = {Lorenz, B. and Birngruber, R. and Gabel, V. P.},
       title = {[Experimental studies of the occlusion of choroid blood vessels by infrared coagulation with reference to tumor therapy]},
       journal = {Fortschr Ophthalmol},
       volume = {85},
       number = {6},
       pages = {726-30},
       note = {0723-8045 (Print)
    Comparative Study
    English Abstract
    Journal Article},
       keywords = {Animals
    Arteries/surgery
    Choroid/*blood supply
    Laser Surgery/*methods
    Rabbits},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=3220392},
       year = {1988},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    

1987

  • Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R.: Retinal photocoagulation with different wavelength. Folia Ophthalmol Jpn, no. 38, pp. 1660-1669, 1987
    BibTeX
    @article{Gabel1987,
       author = {Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R.},
       title = {Retinal photocoagulation with different wavelength},
       journal = {Folia Ophthalmol Jpn},
       volume = {38},
       pages = {1660-1669},
       year = {1987},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Birngruber, R. and Puliafito, C. A. and Gawande, A. and Lin, W. Z. and Schoenlein, R. W. and Fujimoto, J. G.: Femtosecond Laser Tissue Interactions: Retinal Injury Studies. IEEE J Quant Electr, no. 23, pp. 1836-1844, 1987
    BibTeX
    @article{Birngruber,
       author = {Birngruber, R. and Puliafito, C. A. and Gawande, A. and Lin, W. Z. and Schoenlein, R. W. and Fujimoto, J. G.},
       title = {Femtosecond Laser Tissue Interactions: Retinal Injury Studies},
       journal = {IEEE J Quant Electr},
       volume = {23},
       number = {10},
       pages = {1836-1844},
       year = {1987}
    }
    
  • Birngruber, R. and Lorenz, B. and Gabel, V. P.: [Retinal temperature stabilization based on choroid circulation]. Fortschr Ophthalmol, no. 84, pp. 92-5, 1987
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Birngruber1987,
       author = {Birngruber, R. and Lorenz, B. and Gabel, V. P.},
       title = {[Retinal temperature stabilization based on choroid circulation]},
       journal = {Fortschr Ophthalmol},
       volume = {84},
       number = {1},
       pages = {92-5},
       note = {0723-8045 (Print)
    English Abstract
    Journal Article},
       keywords = {Animals
    *Body Temperature Regulation
    Choroid/*blood supply
    *Laser Surgery
    Rabbits
    Retina/*physiology},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=3583190},
       year = {1987},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Gabel, V. P. and Kozma, M. and Zink, H. and Birngruber, R.: [Behavior of postoperative intraocular pressure following iridectomy and capsulotomy using a neodymium:YAG laser with reference to the effect of indomethacin]. Fortschr Ophthalmol, no. 84, pp. 76-9, 1987
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Gabel1987,
       author = {Gabel, V. P. and Kozma, M. and Zink, H. and Birngruber, R.},
       title = {[Behavior of postoperative intraocular pressure following iridectomy and capsulotomy using a neodymium:YAG laser with reference to the effect of indomethacin]},
       journal = {Fortschr Ophthalmol},
       volume = {84},
       number = {1},
       pages = {76-9},
       note = {0723-8045 (Print)
    English Abstract
    Journal Article},
       keywords = {*Cataract Extraction
    Glaucoma/*surgery
    Humans
    Indomethacin/*therapeutic use
    Intraocular Pressure/*drug effects
    Iris/*surgery
    *Laser Surgery
    Ocular Hypertension/drug therapy
    Postoperative Complications/drug therapy},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=3583187},
       year = {1987},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    

1986

  • Vogel, A: Vergleich zweier empfindlicher Speckle-Meßtechniken angewandt auf Verformungsmessungen an Zähnen. Optik, no. 72, pp. 95-101, 1986
    BibTeX
    @article{Vogel,
       author = {Vogel, A},
       title = {Vergleich zweier empfindlicher Speckle-Meßtechniken angewandt auf Verformungsmessungen an Zähnen},
       journal = {Optik},
       volume = {72},
       pages = {95-101},
       note = {Journal Article},
       year = {1986}
    }
    
  • Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R. and Lorenz, B.: Clinical relevance of a dosage device for laser photocoagulation. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd, no. 188, pp. 263-5, 1986
    BibTeX Link Link
    @article{Gabel1986,
       author = {Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R. and Lorenz, B.},
       title = {Clinical relevance of a dosage device for laser photocoagulation},
       journal = {Klin Monbl Augenheilkd},
       volume = {188},
       number = {4},
       pages = {263-5},
       note = {Gabel, V P
    Birngruber, R
    Lorenz, B
    GERMANY, WEST
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 1986 Apr;188(4):263-5.},
       abstract = {Fundus reflectometry constitutes a procedure with which dosage can be precisely regulated during the coagulation process. During retinal coagulation, for example, it is possible with this method to administer coagulations of uniform intensity regardless of variations in either the quality of the fundus image or the absorption of the pigmented structures. This can be useful for coagulation procedures which have to be confined for the most part to the pigment epithelium, as for example in the treatment of central serous retinopathy or in panretinal photocoagulation, where the functional therapeutic principle is still not clearly understood. Another area of application for reflectometric laser coagulation will be laser trabeculoplasty, in which barely detectable lesions have to be placed in the trabecular meshwork.},
       keywords = {*Computers
    Diabetic Retinopathy/surgery
    Humans
    *Laser Therapy
    Pigment Epithelium of Eye/surgery
    Retinal Detachment/surgery
    Retinal Diseases/*surgery
    Retinal Vein/surgery
    Trabecular Meshwork/surgery
    AutoPhoN},
       ISSN = {0023-2165 (Print)
    0023-2165 (Linking)},
       DOI = {10.1055/s-2008-1050625},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3723965},
       year = {1986},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Vogel, A. and Hentschel, W. and Holzfuss, J. and Lauterborn, W.: Cavitation Bubble Dynamics and Acoustic Transient Generation in Ocular Surgery with Pulsed Neodymium: YAG Lasers. Ophthalmology, no. 93, pp. 1259 -1269, 1986
    BibTeX
    @article{Vogel,
       author = {Vogel, A. and Hentschel, W. and Holzfuss, J. and Lauterborn, W.},
       title = {Cavitation Bubble Dynamics and Acoustic Transient Generation in Ocular Surgery with Pulsed Neodymium: YAG Lasers},
       journal = {Ophthalmology},
       volume = {93},
       number = {10},
       pages = {1259 -1269},
       year = {1986}
    }
    
  • Lorenz, B. and Ganson, N. and Stein, H. P. and Birngruber, R.: [CW neodymium: YAG laser photocoagulation of the rabbit fundus-effect on the choroid and sclera in comparison to argon laser photocoagulation]. Fortschr Ophthalmol, no. 83, pp. 436-40, 1986
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Lorenz1986,
       author = {Lorenz, B. and Ganson, N. and Stein, H. P. and Birngruber, R.},
       title = {[CW neodymium: YAG laser photocoagulation of the rabbit fundus--effect on the choroid and sclera in comparison to argon laser photocoagulation]},
       journal = {Fortschr Ophthalmol},
       volume = {83},
       number = {4},
       pages = {436-40},
       note = {0723-8045 (Print)
    Comparative Study
    English Abstract
    Journal Article},
       keywords = {Animals
    Argon
    Choroid/*injuries
    Laser Surgery/*methods
    Neodymium
    Rabbits
    Retina/*injuries
    Sclera/*injuries},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=3770614},
       year = {1986},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    

1985

  • Birngruber, R. and Hillenkamp, F. and Gabel, V. P.: Theoretical investigations of laser thermal retinal injury. Health Phys, no. 48, pp. 781-96, 1985
    BibTeX
    @article{Birngruber,
       author = {Birngruber, R. and Hillenkamp, F. and Gabel, V. P.},
       title = {Theoretical investigations of laser thermal retinal injury},
       journal = {Health Phys},
       volume = {48},
       number = {6},
       pages = {781-96},
       note = {0017-9078 (Print)
    Journal Article},
       abstract = {A thermal damage model including heat conduction for retinal lesions is described to explain thermal threshold damage and compare it to experimental values in the regime of 1 ms to 300 ms. With the aid of these model calculations unspecific thermal damage (denaturation of proteins) could be separated from thermally induced damage to the photoreceptors. Furthermore, the thermal model allows an extrapolation to hazards to the fundus from intense light irradiation that have not been investigated experimentally.},
       keywords = {Animals
    Eye Proteins
    Heat/*adverse effects
    Lasers/*adverse effects
    Macaca
    Mathematics
    Models, Biological
    Protein Denaturation
    Rabbits
    Retina/*injuries},
       year = {1985}
    }
    
  • Gabel, V. P. and Neubauer, L. and Zink, H. and Birngruber, R.: Ocular Side-Effects Following Neodymium - Yag Laser Irradiation. International Ophthalmology Clinics, no. 25, pp. 137-149, 1985
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Gabel1985,
       author = {Gabel, V. P. and Neubauer, L. and Zink, H. and Birngruber, R.},
       title = {Ocular Side-Effects Following Neodymium - Yag Laser Irradiation},
       journal = {International Ophthalmology Clinics},
       volume = {25},
       number = {3},
       pages = {137-149},
       note = {Asd03
    Times Cited:4
    Cited References Count:16},
       ISSN = {0020-8167},
       DOI = {Doi 10.1097/00004397-198502530-00011},
       url = {<Go to ISI>://WOS:A1985ASD0300010},
       year = {1985},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Vogel, A and Lauterborn, W.: Ein Raumfrequenzfilterungsverfahren zur Untersuchung der Strömung um Kavitationsblasen. Optik, no. 69, pp. 176-179, 1985
    BibTeX
    @article{Vogel1985,
       author = {Vogel, A and Lauterborn, W.},
       title = { Ein Raumfrequenzfilterungsverfahren zur Untersuchung der Strömung um Kavitationsblasen},
       journal = {Optik},
       volume = {69},
       number = {4},
       pages = {176-179},
       note = {Journal Article},
       year = {1985}
    }
    
  • Hutter, H. and Hiemer, H. and Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R.: [Thermal neodymium:YAG laser effects on the retina]. Fortschr Ophthalmol, no. 82, pp. 443-6, 1985
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Hutter1985,
       author = {Hutter, H. and Hiemer, H. and Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R.},
       title = {[Thermal neodymium:YAG laser effects on the retina]},
       journal = {Fortschr Ophthalmol},
       volume = {82},
       number = {5},
       pages = {443-6},
       note = {0723-8045 (Print)
    English Abstract
    Journal Article},
       keywords = {Animals
    Choroid/injuries
    Lasers/*adverse effects
    Rabbits
    Retina/*injuries/pathology
    Retinal Hemorrhage/pathology},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=4076965},
       year = {1985},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Hiemer, H. and Hutter, H. and Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R.: [Retinal damage in neodymium:YAG laser surgery in the area of the vitreous body]. Fortschr Ophthalmol, no. 82, pp. 447-9, 1985
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Hiemer1985,
       author = {Hiemer, H. and Hutter, H. and Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R.},
       title = {[Retinal damage in neodymium:YAG laser surgery in the area of the vitreous body]},
       journal = {Fortschr Ophthalmol},
       volume = {82},
       number = {5},
       pages = {447-9},
       note = {0723-8045 (Print)
    English Abstract
    Journal Article},
       keywords = {Animals
    Lasers/*adverse effects
    Microscopy, Electron
    Rabbits
    Retina/*injuries
    Vitreous Body/*surgery},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=4076966},
       year = {1985},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Neubauer, L. and Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R.: [Corneal endothelial changes in anterior capsulotomy and postcataract membranotomy with the neodymium:YAG laser]. Fortschr Ophthalmol, no. 82, pp. 80-2, 1985
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Neubauer1985,
       author = {Neubauer, L. and Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R.},
       title = {[Corneal endothelial changes in anterior capsulotomy and postcataract membranotomy with the neodymium:YAG laser]},
       journal = {Fortschr Ophthalmol},
       volume = {82},
       number = {1},
       pages = {80-2},
       note = {0723-8045 (Print)
    Comparative Study
    English Abstract
    Journal Article},
       keywords = {Cataract Extraction/*adverse effects/methods
    Cornea/*injuries/pathology
    Endothelium/pathology
    Follow-Up Studies
    Humans
    Lasers/*adverse effects},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=3997004},
       year = {1985},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    

1984

  • Yoshimoto, H. and Kampik, A. and Birngruber, R. and Gabel, V. P.: Vitreous morphology after carbon dioxide laser irradiation. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol, no. 221, pp. 276-81, 1984
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Yoshimoto1984,
       author = {Yoshimoto, H. and Kampik, A. and Birngruber, R. and Gabel, V. P.},
       title = {Vitreous morphology after carbon dioxide laser irradiation},
       journal = {Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol},
       volume = {221},
       number = {6},
       pages = {276-81},
       note = {0721-832X (Print)
    Journal Article},
       abstract = {The immediate vitreous changes produced by a continuous-wave carbon-dioxide laser beam in freshly enucleated bovine and pig eyes were studied by gross examination with a dissecting microscope, and histopathologically by light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The lesions produced by the laser beam on the vitreous in an air tissue interface technique were remarkable for their ring-shaped vitreous condensations. The diameter and density of these condensations increased with irradiance. With the same irradiation parameters the lesions at the anterior hyaloid membranes showed greater size and density than those in the central area of the vitreous. These vitreous condensations were demonstrated to consist of heat-denatured collagen fibrils. For light microscopic evaluation of the vitreous a modified method of tissue processing according to Szent Gyorgi has proven optimal in reducing vitreous shrinkage from dehydration. This method of fixation and tissue processing appeared to be useful in evaluating lesions of the vitreous and their relationship to their surroundings.},
       keywords = {Animals
    Carbon Dioxide
    Cattle
    Histological Techniques
    *Lasers
    Microscopy, Electron
    Swine
    Vitreous Body/anatomy & histology/*radiation effects/ultrastructure},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=6434376},
       year = {1984},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Weinberg, W. and Birngruber, R. and Lorenz, B.: The change in light reflection of the retina during therapeutic laser photocoagulation. IEEE J Quant Electr, no. 20, pp. 1481-1489, 1984
    BibTeX
    @article{Weinberg1984,
       author = {Weinberg, W. and Birngruber, R. and Lorenz, B.},
       title = {The change in light reflection of the retina during therapeutic laser photocoagulation},
       journal = {IEEE J Quant Electr},
       volume = {20},
       number = {12},
       pages = {1481-1489},
       year = {1984},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R. and Lachenmayr, B.: Ist der Krypton-Laser anderen Lichtquellen zur Koagulation der Netzhaut überlegen?. Fortschr Ophthalmol, no. 81, pp. 150-153, 1984
    BibTeX
    @article{Gabel1984,
       author = {Gabel, V. P. and Birngruber, R. and Lachenmayr, B.},
       title = {Ist der Krypton-Laser anderen Lichtquellen zur Koagulation der Netzhaut überlegen?},
       journal = {Fortschr Ophthalmol},
       volume = {81},
       pages = {150-153},
       year = {1984},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Birngruber, Reginald: Die Lichtbelastung unbehandelter Netzhautareale bei der Photokoagulation. Fortschr Ophthalmol, no. 81, pp. 147-9, 1984
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Birngruber1984,
       author = {Birngruber, Reginald},
       title = {Die Lichtbelastung unbehandelter Netzhautareale bei der Photokoagulation},
       journal = {Fortschr Ophthalmol},
       volume = {81},
       number = {2},
       pages = {147-9},
       note = {0723-8045 (Print)
    English Abstract
    Journal Article},
       keywords = {Humans
    Light Coagulation/*adverse effects
    Retina/*injuries},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=6735303},
       year = {1984},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Scheiffarth, O. F. and Ludwig, K. and Birngruber, R. and Gabel, V. P. and von Meyer, L.: Chemical studies of intraocular lenses after experimental generation of lesions by a short-pulsed Nd-YAG laser. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol, no. 222, pp. 43-4, 1984
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Scheiffarth1984,
       author = {Scheiffarth, O. F. and Ludwig, K. and Birngruber, R. and Gabel, V. P. and von Meyer, L.},
       title = {Chemical studies of intraocular lenses after experimental generation of lesions by a short-pulsed Nd-YAG laser},
       journal = {Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol},
       volume = {222},
       number = {1},
       pages = {43-4},
       note = {0721-832X (Print)
    Journal Article},
       abstract = {It is theoretically possible that lesions generated by a Q-switched Nd-YAG laser could lead to chemical changes in polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) intraocular lenses. These changes could be of clinical relevance. Therefore, we measured the residual monomer content of intraocular lenses before and after generation of lesions by means of a short-pulsed Nd-YAG laser. Despite the explosive destruction of the lens surface caused by this type of laser, there is no measurable release of monomer in the sense of a depolymerization of the PMMA material, even when over 100 lesions are generated. The lesions generated on intraocular PMMA lenses with the Nd-YAG laser are predominantly of a mechanical nature and include the chipping away of small particles from the intraocular lens.},
       keywords = {Lasers/*adverse effects
    *Lenses, Intraocular
    Methylmethacrylates/*radiation effects},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=6510725},
       year = {1984},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Birngruber, R. and Gabel, V. P.: Augengefährdung durch Lasereffekte in Diskotheken. Sozialpädiatrie Prax Klin, no. 6, pp. 487-494, 1984
    BibTeX
    @article{Birngruber1984,
       author = {Birngruber, R. and Gabel, V. P.},
       title = {Augengefährdung durch Lasereffekte in Diskotheken},
       journal = {Sozialpädiatrie Prax Klin},
       volume = {6},
       number = {9},
       pages = {487-494},
       year = {1984},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    

1983

  • Birngruber, R. and Gabel, V. P.: Thermal versus photochemical damage in the retina-thermal calculations for exposure limits. Trans Ophthalmol Soc U K, no. 103 ( Pt 4), pp. 422-7, 1983
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Birngruber1983,
       author = {Birngruber, R. and Gabel, V. P.},
       title = {Thermal versus photochemical damage in the retina--thermal calculations for exposure limits},
       journal = {Trans Ophthalmol Soc U K},
       volume = {103 ( Pt 4)},
       pages = {422-7},
       note = {0078-5334 (Print)
    Journal Article},
       abstract = {Different kinds of damage can be produced by intense light irradiation of the retina. These types of damage can be separated into changes which are induced by photochemical or thermal effects in the tissue. Photochemical damage occurs mainly with intense irradiation of a few seconds or longer whereas thermal effects appear to prevail at irradiation times in the 1 ms to 1000 ms-range. Distinction between photochemical and thermal damage is very difficult because both types of injury appear as disorders in the retinal pigment epithelium and the outer segments of the photoreceptors. A thermal model has therefore been developed which takes into account the light absorption in the different layers of RPE and choroid and allows the calculation of the temporal development of temperature at each site and depth of the fundus. Model calculations are used to correlate exposure parameters (wavelength, irradiance, exposure time etc.) with the resulting temperature profiles. This correlation leads to a better distinction between exposure limits for thermal and photochemical damage of the retina.},
       keywords = {Burns/etiology
    Heat/*adverse effects
    Humans
    Light/*adverse effects
    Models, Biological
    Pigment Epithelium of Eye/injuries/radiation effects
    Retina/*injuries/radiation effects
    Temperature},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=6600144},
       year = {1983},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Diddens, H. and Niethammer, D. and Jackson, R. C.: Patterns of cross-resistance to the antifolate drugs trimetrexate, metoprine, homofolate, and CB3717 in human lymphoma and osteosarcoma cells resistant to methotrexate. Cancer Res, no. 43, pp. 5286-92, 1983
    BibTeX
    @article{Diddens,
       author = {Diddens, H. and Niethammer, D. and Jackson, R. C.},
       title = {Patterns of cross-resistance to the antifolate drugs trimetrexate, metoprine, homofolate, and CB3717 in human lymphoma and osteosarcoma cells resistant to methotrexate},
       journal = {Cancer Res},
       volume = {43},
       number = {11},
       pages = {5286-92},
       note = {Diddens, H
    Niethammer, D
    Jackson, R C
    CA 18129/CA/NCI NIH HHS/
    Cancer Res. 1983 Nov;43(11):5286-92.},
       abstract = {Methotrexate (MTX)-resistant sublines of malignant human cells were selected in vitro by stepwise increase in drug concentration in the medium. By this procedure a subline of Burkitt's lymphoma cells (RAJI) was made 290-fold resistant (RAJI/MTX-R), T-cell leukemia cells (CCRF-CEM) were obtained 210-fold resistant (CEM/MTX-R), and 3 MTX-resistant human osteosarcoma lines were selected: TE-85/MTX-R (19-fold resistant; relative to wild-type); MG-63/MTX-R (8-fold resistant); and SAOS-2/MTX-R (200-fold resistant). We also studied a B-cell lymphoblastoid line, WI-L2/m4, that was 13,000-fold resistant. Assay of cellular dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) showed the following pattern of activity in resistant cell lines, relative to parental cell activity: RAJI/MTX-R, 550-fold increased; CEM/MTX-R, unchanged; TE-85/MTX-R, 4-fold increased; MG-63/MTX-R, 6-fold increased; SAOS-2/MTX-R, unchanged; and WI-L2/m4, 110-fold increased. Measurement of MTX membrane transport showed decreased uptake in CEM/MTX-R and SAOS-2/MTX-R, relative to parental cell lines. The other DHFR-overproducing cells all gave normal initial MTX uptake rates but increased total uptake. The DHFR-overproducing lines all had significant cross-resistance to both metoprine and trimetrexate; the two lines with defective MTX transport were not cross-resistant, and the CEM/MTX-R cells showed collateral sensitivity to these agents. Only minor cross-resistance to homofolic acid was found in all MTX-resistant lines. The highly MTX-resistant RAJI/MTX-R and WI-L2/m4 cells showed minor cross-resistance to the dual inhibitor of thymidylate synthetase and DHFR, CB3717 (5- and 15-fold, respectively). These studies demonstrated that, depending upon the mechanism of resistance, MTX-resistant human tumor cells may be effectively killed by antifolates with different routes of uptake into cells, or with a different enzyme target. Thus, there are at least three functionally distinct classes of folate antagonist with antitumor activity.},
       keywords = {Antineoplastic Agents/*toxicity
    Biological Transport
    Burkitt Lymphoma/drug therapy/metabolism
    Cell Line
    Drug Resistance
    Folic Acid/analogs & derivatives/therapeutic use
    Folic Acid Antagonists/*therapeutic use
    Humans
    Kinetics
    Leukemia, Lymphoid/drug therapy/metabolism
    Lymphoma/*drug therapy/metabolism
    Methotrexate/metabolism/*therapeutic use
    Osteosarcoma/drug therapy/metabolism
    Pyrimethamine/*analogs & derivatives/therapeutic use/toxicity
    Quinazolines/therapeutic use/toxicity
    Structure-Activity Relationship
    T-Lymphocytes/drug effects
    Tetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase/metabolism
    Trimetrexate},
       year = {1983}
    }
    
  • Birngruber, Reginald and Gabel, V. P. and Hillenkamp, F.: Experimental studies of laser thermal retinal injury. Health Phys, no. 44, pp. 519-31, 1983
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Birngruber1983,
       author = {Birngruber, Reginald and Gabel, V. P. and Hillenkamp, F.},
       title = {Experimental studies of laser thermal retinal injury},
       journal = {Health Phys},
       volume = {44},
       number = {5},
       pages = {519-31},
       note = {0017-9078 (Print)
    Journal Article},
       abstract = {In damage tests conducted on rabbit and monkey eyes, the threshold values for retinal damage resulting from different laser radiation were determined. The reproduction of the "worst-case" situation was ensured by the test apparatus. All physical parameters, such as power/energy, exposure time, and retinal spot, were carefully controlled. Probit analysis showed a very precise determination of the threshold values based on ophthalmoscopical visibility. The attempt of a simple physical interpretation of the thresholds leads to contradictions in major points, so a detailed calculation of damage functions and thermal model calculations are necessary.},
       keywords = {Animals
    Lasers/*adverse effects
    Macaca
    Rabbits
    Retina/*injuries
    AutoPhoN},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=6853172},
       year = {1983},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }
    
  • Birngruber, R. and Lorenz, B. and Weinberg, W. and Greite, J. H. and Gabel, V. P.: [Complications in laser coagulation with the panfunduscope]. Fortschr Ophthalmol, no. 79, pp. 434-7, 1983
    BibTeX Link
    @article{Birngruber1983,
       author = {Birngruber, R. and Lorenz, B. and Weinberg, W. and Greite, J. H. and Gabel, V. P.},
       title = {[Complications in laser coagulation with the panfunduscope]},
       journal = {Fortschr Ophthalmol},
       volume = {79},
       number = {5},
       pages = {434-7},
       note = {0723-8045 (Print)
    English Abstract
    Journal Article},
       keywords = {Animals
    Fluorescein Angiography/adverse effects/*instrumentation
    Humans
    Iris/injuries
    Lasers/*adverse effects
    Lens Nucleus, Crystalline/injuries
    Lens, Crystalline/injuries
    Rabbits
    Retina/*surgery},
       url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=6873800},
       year = {1983},
       type = {Journal Article}
    }